A 32 nm BEOL with PVD CuMn seedlayer and conventional PVD-TaN/Ta liner was fully characterized by fundamental, integrated, and reliability methods. CuMn was confirmed to have fundamental advantages over CuAl, such as higher electromigration (EM) reliability for the same Cu line resistance (R). Both low R and high reliability (EM, SM, and TDDB) were achieved. Improved extendibility of CuMn relative to CuAl was also supported by studies of alloy interactions with advanced liner materials Ru and Co, and by enhancement of ultra-thin TaN barrier performance. ©2010 IEEE.