IEDM 2008
Conference paper

A 300-mm wafer-level three-dimensional integration scheme using tungsten through-silicon via and hybrid cu-adhesive bonding

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A 300-mm wafer-level three-dimensional integration (3DI) process using tungsten (W) through-silicon vias (TSVs) and hybrid Cu/adhesive wafer bonding is demonstrated. The W TSVs have fine pitch (5 μm), small critical dimension (1.5 μm), and high aspect ratio (17:1). A hybrid Cu/adhesive bonding approach, also called transfer-join (TJ) method, is used to interconnect the TSVs to a Cu BEOL in a bottom wafer. The process also features thinning of the top wafer to 20 μm and a Cu backside BEOL on the thinned top wafer. The electrical and physical properties of the TSVs and bonded interconnect are presented and show RLC values that satisfy both the power delivery and high-speed signaling requirements for high-performance 3D systems.