IRPS 2004
Conference paper

Effects of overlayers on electromigration reliability improvement for Cu/low K interconnects

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Electromigration in Cu Damascene lines capped with either a CoWP, Ta/TaN, SiNx, or SiC<inf>x</inf><inf>y</inf><inf>z</inf> layer was reviewed. A thin CoWP or Ta/TaN cap on top of the Cu line surface significantly reduced interface diffusion and improved the electromigration lifetime when compared with lines capped with SiN<inf>x</inf> or SiC<inf>x</inf>N<inf>y</inf>H<inf>z</inf>. Activation energies for electromigration were found to be 2.0 eV, 1.4 eV, and 0.85-1.1 eV for the Cu lines capped with CoWP, Ta/TaN, and SiN<inf>x</inf> or SiC<inf>x</inf>N<inf>y</inf>H<inf>z</inf>, respectively.