Physical Review B

Recombination in plasma-deposited amorphous Si:H. Luminescence decay

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An investigation of the photoluminescence decay in plasma-deposited amorphous Si: H is presented. The relative contribution of radiative and nonradiative transitions are shown in undoped samples with efficiencies varying over two orders of magnitude. In high-efficiency samples the 10-K radiative rate spans nearly six orders of magnitude, and is interpreted as radiative tunneling of band-tail electrons and holes. A systematic shift of time-resolved spectra by 0.15 eV to low energy is related to the width of the band tails. The decay is found to be excitation-intensity-dependent when the electron-hole pair density exceeds about 1.5×1018 cm-3. This result is explained by overlap between neighboring pairs, and we deduce that the radius of the larger carrier is 11 ±20%. A decrease of the radiative transition rate as the temperature increases is seen as evidence of carrier diffusion and is believed to explain a corresponding increase in the luminescence intensity. From this and other evidence it is argued that the electron-phonon coupling observed in the luminescence is associated with hole states, while electrons are not strongly coupled. We suggest that self-trapped hole states are split off from the top of the valence band, and account for the Ey band in the field-effect density of states. © 1979 The American Physical Society.


15 Mar 1979


Physical Review B