Microelectronics Reliability

Long-term NBTI degradation under real-use conditions in IBM microprocessors

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Long-term measurement of bias temperature instability (BTI) degradation obtained from an on-chip sensor is presented. The sensor reports measurements periodically with a digital output. Implemented on IBM's z196 enterprise systems using IBM 45 nm technology, it can be used to monitor long-term degradation under real-use conditions. Over 700 days worth of ring oscillator degradation data from customer systems is presented. The data obtained by this sensor are consistent with models based on accelerated testing.