Conference paper

High-Tc SQUID gradiometer for mobile magnetic anomaly detection

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The prototype for a nitrogen-cooled high-Tc SQUID gradiometer has been developed and is being evaluated for magnetic anomaly detection of underwater targets in mobile surveys. The prototype's design is based on the concept of the Three-Sensor Gradiometer (TSG). In the TSG approach, balance of two independent SQUID magnetometers is more difficult to attain than for conventional low-Tc gradiometers in which signal subtraction occurs prior to a single SQUID stage. Experiments have been conducted using a platform-motion simulator to evaluate performance of this gradiometer for mobile operation. Sensor configuration, experimental procedures, approaches for improved performance, and empirical results are reported. Interesting results of predictions to estimate detection range obtained from matched-filter calculations are included. The paper concludes with a description of current preparations for a sea test of this sensor and a perspective of future developments.