Exploring the Social Drivers of Health during a Pandemic: Leveraging Knowledge Graphs and Population Trends in COVID-19
Social determinants of health (SDoH) are the factors which lie outside of the traditional health system, such as employment or access to nutritious foods, that influence health outcomes. Some efforts have focused on identifying vulnerable populations during the COVID-19 pandemic, however, both the short- and long-term social impacts of the pandemic on individuals and populations are not well understood. This paper presents a pipeline to discover health outcomes and related social factors based on trending SDoH at population-level using Google Trends. A knowledge graph was built from a corpus of research literature (PubMed) and the social determinants that trended high at the start of the pandemic were examined. This paper reports on related social and health concepts which may be impacted by the COVID-19 outbreak and may be important to monitor as the pandemic evolves. The proposed pipeline should have wider applicability in surfacing related social or clinical characteristics of interest, outbreak surveillance, or to mine relations between social and health concepts that can, in turn, help inform and support citizen-centred services.