Physical Review Letters

Current driven domain wall velocities exceeding the spin angular momentum transfer rate in permalloy nanowires

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The velocity of domain walls driven by current in zero magnetic field is measured in permalloy nanowires using real-time resistance measurements. The domain wall velocity increases with increasing current density, reaching a maximum velocity of 110 m/s when the current density in the nanowire reaches a 1.5 108 A/cm2. Such high current driven domain wall velocities exceed the estimated rate at which spin angular momentum is transferred to the domain wall from the flow of spin polarized conduction electrons, suggesting that other driving mechanisms, such as linear momentum transfer, need to be taken into account. © 2007 The American Physical Society.