VLSI Technology 2017
Comparison of key fine-line BEOL metallization schemes for beyond 7 nm node
For beyond 7 nm node BEOL, line resistance (R) is assessed among four metallization schemes: Ru; Co; Cu with TaN/Ru barrier, and Cu with through-cobalt self-forming barrier (tCoSFB) . Line-R vs. linewidth of Cu fine wires with TaN/Ru barrier crosses over with barrier-less Ru and Co wires for beyond-7 nm node dimensions, whereas Cu with tCoSFB remains competitive, with the lowest line R for 7 nm and beyond. Our study suggests promise of this last scheme to meet requirements in line R and EM reliability.