SPIE Advances in Resist Technology and Processing 1999
Conference paper

Chemically amplified resists: Past, present, and future

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The chemical amplification concept is based on the use of a photochemically-generated acid as a catalyst, which induces a cascade of chemical transformations in the resist film, providing a gain mechanism. This lithographic imaging strategy invented in 1980 has been fully accepted by the microelectronics industry and implemented in manufacture of devices by deep UV lithography employing a KrF excimer laser (248 nm). The resist systems currently being developed for the next generation ArF excimer laser lithography (193 nm) are also built on chemical amplification. This paper reviews the development, current status, and future of chemical amplification resists.