ECTC 2014
Conference paper

A compact 4-chip package with 64 embedded dual-polarization antennas for W-band phased-array transceivers

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A fully-integrated antenna-in-package (AiP) solution for W-band scalable phased-array systems is demonstrated. We present a fully operational compact W-band transceiver package with 64 dual-polarization antennas embedded in a multilayer organic substrate. This package has 12 metal layers, a size of 16.2 mm × 16.2 mm, and 292 ball-grid-array (BGA) pins with 0.4 mm pitch. Four silicon-germanium (SiGe) transceiver ICs are flip-chip attached to the package. Extensive full-wave electromagnetic simulation and radiation pattern measurements have been performed to optimize the antenna performance in the package environment, with excellent model-to-hardware correlation achieved. Enabled by detailed circuit-package co-design, a half-wavelength spacing, i.e., 1.6 mm at 94 GHz, is maintained between adjacent antenna elements to support array scalability at both the package and board level. Effective isotropic radiated power (EIRP) and radiation patterns are also measured to demonstrate the 64-element spatial power combining.