Applied Physics A Solids and Surfaces

The electronic structure of alkali-metal layers on semiconductor surfaces

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Alkali-metal layers on semiconductor surfaces are model systems for metal-semiconductor contacts, Schottky barriers, and metallization processes. The strong decrease of the work function as a function of alkali-metal coverage is also technically made use of. Recently, however, interest in these systems is growing owing to ongoing controversial discussions about questions like: Is the adsorbate system at monolayer coverage metallic or semiconducting, and does the metallization take place in the alkali overlayer or in the top layer of the semiconductor? Is the bonding ionic or covalent? What ist the absolute coverage at saturation? What are the adsorption sites? Do all alkali metals behave similar on the same semiconductor surface? We try to answer some of the questions for Li, Na, K and Cs on Si(111)(2×1), K and Cs on Si(111)(7×7) and on GaAs(110), and Na and K on Si(100)(2×1) employing the techniques of direct and inverse photoemission. © 1992 Springer-Verlag.


01 Nov 1992


Applied Physics A Solids and Surfaces