Physical Review B

Laser-induced crystallization of amorphous GeTe: A time-resolved study

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Amorphous thin films of GeTe were exposed to excimer-laser pulses of fluences between 3 and 27 mJ/cm2. Transient reflectivity and conductivity were simultaneously recorded during the laser interaction with a time resolution of a few nanoseconds. A rapid increase in R and due to laser-induced heating is observed. This is followed by a decrease of these parameters at a slower rate due to cooldown. During the cooldown process and within a certain temperature interval nucleation and growth are possible and experimentally observed. The cooling rate in this interval is a function of incident fluence and determines the degree of crystallization induced by laser irradiation. Above a fluence of 22 mJ/cm2 the films crystallize to a large degree within 200 ns (25% and greater than 90% at 23 and 27 mJ/cm2, respectively). Between 15 and 22 mJ/cm2 the crystallization is less than a few percent (frustrated crystallization), and application of a subsequent pulse leads to an extremely fast crystallization (50 ns). Below 15 mJ/cm2 the irradiated films remain amorphous. A model describing transient R and in terms of cooling, nucleation, and growth is presented and compared with the measured transient profiles. © 1987 The American Physical Society.


15 Jul 1987


Physical Review B