Large-area graphene single crystals grown by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition of methane on copper

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Graphene single crystals with dimensions of up to 0.5 mm on a side were grown by low-pressure chemical vapor deposition in copper-foil enclosures using methane as a precursor. Low-energy electron microscopy analysis showed that the large graphene domains had a single crystallographic orientation, with an occasional domain having two orientations. Raman spectroscopy revealed the graphene single crystals to be uniform monolayers with a low D-band intensity. The electron mobility of graphene films extracted from field-effect transistor measurements was found to be higher than 4000 cm2 V-1 s-1 at room temperature. © 2011 American Chemical Society.