CSCML 2023
Short paper

Efficient Skip Connections Realization for Secure Inference on Encrypted Data


Homomorphic Encryption (HE) is a cryptographic tool that allows performing computation under encryption, which is used by many privacy-preserving machine learning solutions, for example, to perform secure classification. Modern deep learning applications yield good performance for example in image processing tasks benchmarks by including many skip connections. The latter appears to be very costly when attempting to execute model inference under HE. In this paper, we show that by replacing (mid-term) skip connections with (short-term) Dirac parameterization and (long-term) shared-source skip connection we were able to reduce the skip connections burden for HE-based solutions, achieving $\times 1.3$ computing power improvement for the same accuracy.