A 65nm Compute-In-Memory 7T SRAM Macro Supporting 4-bit Multiply and Accumulate Operation by Employing Charge Sharing
In this work, we propose an energy-efficient 64\times 64 compute-in-memory (CIM) SRAM macro using a 7T bit-cell in 65nm CMOS UMC PDK. It supports 4-bit inputs, 4-bit weights & 4-bit outputs and performs 4-bit MAC operations. It also supports multiple row activations performing 1024 4b\times 4b multiply and accumulate (MAC) operations in one clock cycle. Inputs are realized by the number of pulses on the read wordline (RWL), which discharges read bitline (RBL) according to bitwise multiplication of weights & inputs. Outputs of 4 columns storing 4-bit weights are then combined via charge sharing to perform a binary-weighted average representing MAC operation, further quantized by a flash analog to digital converter (ADC) giving 4-bit output. The proposed CIM macro achieves an energy efficiency of 28.9 TOPS/W and throughput of 212.9 GOPS operating at supply voltage 1 V with a 2 GHz clock frequency.