The lack of speech data annotated with labels required for spoken language understanding (SLU) is often a major hurdle in building end-to-end (E2E) systems that can directly process speech inputs. In contrast, large amounts of text data with suitable labels are usually available. In this paper, we propose a novel text representation and training methodology that allows E2E SLU systems to be effectively constructed using these text resources. With very limited amounts of additional speech, we show that these models can be further improved to perform at levels close to similar systems built on the full speech datasets. The efficacy of our proposed approach is demonstrated on both intent and entity tasks using three different SLU datasets. With text-only training, the proposed system achieves up to 90% of the performance possible with full speech training. With just an additional 10% of speech data, these models significantly improve further to 97% of full performance.