Magnetic Resonance in Medicine

Tissue distribution and stability of metalloporphyrin MRI contrast agents

View publication


Mn(III), Fe(III), and Gd(III) complexes of tetrakis(4‐sulfonatophenyl)porphyrin (TPPS) and several other porphyrins were evaluated as potential MRI contrast agents. Based on consideration of relaxivity and stability properties in solution, Mn TPPS was found to be the compound of choice. At pH 7 the Gd and Mn complexes significantly enhanced the water proton relaxation rate, while the relaxivity of Fe TPPS exhibited a significant loss of relaxivity above pH 6 due to oxy‐dimer formation. Although GdTPPS exhibited the highest relaxivity in solution, this property was rapidly lost due to dissociation of the metal ion. By contrast MnTPPS remained stable in human plasma after incubation for 9 days. Upon intravenous injection into athymic mice bearing subcutaneous human colon carcinoma xenografts, MnTPPS provided enhanced relaxation of the tissue water in several excised mouse tissues, notably kidney, liver, and tumor. The results at a fixed field (0.25 T) and relaxation dispersion studies showed decreases in water relaxation rates with time for kidney and liver, but an increase for the tumor, with a maximum near 4 days at the highest dose used. Copyright © 1987 Wiley‐Liss, Inc., A Wiley Company