IEEE Electron Device Letters

Time-Delay Encoded Image Recognition in a Network of Resistively Coupled VO on Si Oscillators

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Oscillatory neural networks based on insulator to metal transition of VO2 switches are implemented for image recognition. The VO2 oscillators are fabricated on silicon in a CMOS compatible process. A fully-connected network of coupled oscillators is investigated using programmable resistors as coupling elements. In this approach, input of the image information and data processing is performed in the time domain. In particular, tuning the coupling resistors allows to control the phase-relation between the oscillators. This is used to memorize and recognize patterns in an analog circuit. The concept is demonstrated experimentally on a three-VO2 oscillator network, whereas simulations are performed on a larger 9-oscillators circuit.