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Physical Review
Paper

Thallium oscillator strengths and 6d D322 state hfs

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Abstract

The lifetime of the 7 S122 state of thallium has been measured by the optical-double-resonance technique, with the result =7.40.3×10-9 sec, and by the level-crossing technique, with the result =7.60.2×10-9 sec. The intensity ratio of the 7 S122-6 P322 and 7 S122-6 P122 lines radiated by an optically pumped thallium beam was measured to establish the oscillator-strength ratio for these two transitions. The result is A5350A3776=1.160.05. The lifetime and hfs of the thallium 6 D322 state were measured by the level-crossing technique. The results are =6.21×10-9 sec and |a|h=412×106 sec. (The Tl205 and Tl203 hfs were not resolved in the experiment.) A table of thallium oscillator strengths has been constructed from our results and from some of the oscillator-strength ratios reported in the literature. The values in the table are compared to those in the remainder of the literature in order to collect and comment on equivalent values from other experiments. The oscillator-strength values in the table are also compared to the predictions of Bates and Damgaard's and Vainshtein's approximation methods. It was found that when np*<2, the s-p transition probabilities calculated by extrapolating the tables of Bates and Damgaard are quite different from the values directly calculated using their theory. The directly calculated Bates-Damgaard values are in much better agreement with the experimental results (the average difference is 17% for 20 thallium transition). Vainshtein's calculated 7 S122 to 6 P12,322 oscillator strengths differ from our experimental values by an average of 15%. The measured 6 D322 state hfs is in excellent agreement with the prediction of the Fermi-Segrè formula if a is assumed positive. Nonetheless, configurational mixing is expected to influence this hfs, and the effect of ssd and sp2 configurational mixing has been calculated in terms of unknown mixing co-efficients. From estimates of the magnitudes of these coefficients, it would appear that the above agreement is coincidental, and the Tl D state hfs should be quite sensitive to the amount of mixing. © 1964 The American Physical Society.

Date

05 Oct 1964

Publication

Physical Review

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