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Physical Review
Paper

Stark effect in the excited states of Rb, Cs, Cd, and Hg

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Abstract

Two new experimental techniques have been developed and used to measure the differential Stark shifts between the Zeeman sublevels in excited atomic states. For states whose differential Stark shifts, in uniform electric fields attainable in the laboratory, are comparable to the hfs separation, the method of pure electricfield level crossing may be used. This method has been applied to the 6p P322 state of rubidium and the 7p P322 state of cesium. The differential shifts are E(±32)-E(±12)=0.521±0.021 Mc/(kV/cm)2 in Rb, and 1.077±0.043 Mc/(kV/cm)2 in Cs. For isotopes with no hyperfine structure (I=0) or states whose Stark shifts are small compared to their hfs, we have used the level-crossing technique with parallel electric and magnetic fields. This technique has been employed to measure the differential shifts in the 5s5p P13 state of cadmium and the 6s6p P13 state of mercury. The results are E(±1)-E(0)=-2.550±0.105 kc/(kV/cm)2 in Cd, and -2.355±0.090 kc/(kV/cm)2 in Hg. The theory of quadratic Stark shifts in terms of scalar and tensor operators is presented, and the shifts in these four elements are calculated using the Coulomb approximation for the potential of the outer electron. The agreement between the experimental and the theoretical values is satisfactory. © 1968 The American Physical Society.

Date

05 Mar 1968

Publication

Physical Review

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