IEEE Transactions on Acoustics, Speech, and Signal Processing

Speech Recognition Using Noise-Adaptive Prototypes

View publication


We describe a probabilistic mixture model for a frame (the short term spectrum) of speech to be used in speech recognition. Each component of the mixture is regarded as a prototype for the labeling phase of a Hidden Markov Model based speech recognition system. Since the ambient noise during recognition may differ from the ambient noise present in the training data, the model is designed for convenient updating In changing noise. Based on the observation that the energy in a frequency band is at any fixed time dominated either by signal energy or by noise energy, we model the energy as the larger of the separate energies of signal and noise in the band. Statistical algorithms are given for training this as a hidden variables model. The hidden variables are the prototype identities and the separate signal and noise components. A series of speech recognition experiments that successfully utilize this model is described. © 1989 IEEE