IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits

SiGe bipolar transceiver circuits operating at 60 GHz

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A low-noise amplifier, direct-conversion quadrature mixer, power amplifier, and voltage-controlled oscillators have been implemented in a 0.12-μm, 200-GHz fT/290-GHz fMAX SiGe bipolar technology for operation at 60 GHz. At 61.5 GHz, the two-stage LNA achieves 4.5-dB NF, 15-dB gain, consuming 6 mA from 1.8 V. This is the first known demonstration of a silicon LNA at V-band. The downconverter consists of a preamplifier, I/Q double-balanced mixers, a frequency tripler, and a quadrature generator, and is again the first known demonstration of silicon active mixers at V-band. At 60 GHz, the downconverter gain is 18.6 dB and the NF is 13.3 dB, and the circuit consumes 55 mA from 2.7 V, while the output buffers consume an additional 52 mA. The balanced class-AB PA provides 10.8-dB gain, +11.2-dBm 1-dB compression point, 4.3% maximum PAE, and 16-dBm saturated output power. Finally, fully differential Colpitts VCOs have been implemented at 22 and 67 GHz. The 67-GHz VCO has a phase noise better than -98 dBc/Hz at 1-MHz offset, and provides a 3.1% tuning range for 8-mA current consumption from a 3-V supply.