Publication
The Journal of Chemical Physics
Paper

Rotational spectra and structures of small clusters containing the HCN dimer: X-(HCN)2 with X=CO, N2, NH3, and H 2O

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Abstract

This work is the counterpart of a previous report on the (HCN) 2-Y trimers with Y = HF, HCl, HCF3, and CO2 [J. Chem. Phys. 90, 4069 (1989) ]. Rotational spectra have been observed for several isotopic species of the OC-, N2-, H3N-, and H 2O-(HCN)2 trimers, using a pulsed nozzle, Fourier transform Balle/Flygare microwave spectrometer. The structures are basically composites of those reported for the (HCN)2 and X-HCN dimers. The trimers are effectively axially symmetric, but have some shrinkage of dimensions. Rotational constants found for the main isotopic species of each trimer are: For X = OC, a BO of 421.142 MHz and DJ of 110 Hz; for X = N2, 435.573 MHz and 155 Hz; for X = H3N, a symmetric top, a BO of 675.777 MHz, DJ of 180 Hz, and DJK of 41.1 kHz; and for X = H2O, with C2v symmetry, a (BO + CO)/2 of 667.028 MHz, (BO - CO)/2 of 0.617 MHz, DJ of 173 Hz, and a DJK of 62.9 kHz. The rotational constants for the isotopic species of each trimer were used to determine the distances r1 and r2 between the centers of mass (c.m.) of adjacent monomers, r1 being that for X-HCN and r2 that for (HCN)2. For X = OC, N2, H 3N, and H2O the shrinkages found in r1 are 0.068, 0.056, 0.084, and 0.074 Å, respectively, and in r2 0.013, 0.013, 0.044, and 0.026 Å. The 14N quadrupole coupling constants were determined by selective 15N substitution for most of the nitrogen sites in the trimers. The effects of charge redistribution in the trimers were separated from those of torsional oscillations in several instances including N2 in N2-(HCN)2. © 1990 American Institute of Physics.

Date

01 Jan 1990

Publication

The Journal of Chemical Physics

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