Applied Physics Letters

Quantitative nanoscale metrology study of Cu/SiO2 interconnect technology using transmission x-ray microscopy

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This letter describes quantitative nondestructive measurements of multilayer submicron Cu/SiO2 interconnect structures such as Cu lines, vias, and W lines with lateral dimensions down to 300 nm and electromigration defect structures using scanning transmission x-ray microscopy employing a 0.2 μm x-ray beam. Typical measurement accuracies are ≤60 nm for widths and lengths and ≤10% in height. The high-resolution and nondestructive nature of this technique provide a very powerful probe of physical properties of nanoscale and submicron materials and structures. © 2000 American Institute of Physics.