We present parallel algorithms and data structures for three fundamental operations in Numerical Linear Algebra: (i) Gaussian and CountSketch random projections and their combination, (ii) computation of the Gram matrix, and (iii) computation of the squared row norms of the product of two matrices, with a special focus on "tall-and-skinny"matrices, which arise in many applications. We provide a detailed analysis of the ubiquitous CountSketch transform and its combination with Gaussian random projections, accounting for memory requirements, computational complexity and workload balancing. We also demonstrate how these results can be applied to column subset selection, least squares regression and leverage scores computation. These tools have been implemented in pylspack, a publicly available Python package1 whose core is written in C++ and parallelized with OpenMP and that is compatible with standard matrix data structures of SciPy and NumPy. Extensive numerical experiments indicate that the proposed algorithms scale well and significantly outperform existing libraries for tall-and-skinny matrices.