Physical Review B

Photoemission spectroscopy using synchrotron radiation. I. Overviews of valence-band structure for Ge, GaAs, GaP, InSb, ZnSe, CdTe, and Agl

View publication


We determine bandwidths and critical-point positions with respect to the valence-band edge for the valence bands of several extensively studied semiconductors (with an accuracy of about 0.3 eV) by using photoemission densities of states derived from photoemission spectra obtained in the 24-78-eV photon energy range. These photoemission spectra were obtained using synchrotron radiation from an electron storage ring; a double-pass, electrostatic, electron energy analyzer; and samples cleaved and measured in situ in ultrahigh vacuum. We give a detailed description of the data-reduction techniques by which electronic state densities and certain valence-band feature positions are determined from photoemission spectra. This description includes a discussion of the effect of various phenomena such as optical-transition-probability variations and Auger-emission peaks. Tables are presented which compare our valence-band-position values with the results of both empirical calculations fit to optical data as well as ab initio calculations. We find systematic and significant differences between experiment and calculations fit only to optical data, these differences increasing with crystal ionicity, while ab initio calculations generally give a better fit to experiment. © 1974 The American Physical Society.


15 Apr 1974


Physical Review B