Applied Physics Letters

Modular nanomagnet design for spin qubits confined in a linear chain

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On-chip micromagnets enable electrically controlled quantum gates on electron spin qubits. Extending the concept to a large number of qubits is challenging in terms of providing large enough driving gradients and individual addressability. Here, we present a design aimed at driving spin qubits arranged in a linear chain and strongly confined in directions lateral to the chain. Nanomagnets are placed laterally to the one side of the qubit chain, one nanomagnet per two qubits. The individual magnets are "U"-shaped, such that the magnetic shape anisotropy orients the magnetization alternately toward and against the qubit chain even if an external magnetic field is applied along the qubit chain. The longitudinal and transversal stray field components serve as addressability and driving fields. Using micromagnetic simulations, we calculate driving and dephasing rates and the corresponding qubit quality factor. The concept is validated with spin-polarized scanning electron microscopy of Fe nanomagnets fabricated on silicon substrates, finding excellent agreement with micromagnetic simulations. Several features required for a scalable spin qubit design are met in our approach: strong driving and weak dephasing gradients, reduced crosstalk and operation at low external magnetic fields.


29 Mar 2023


Applied Physics Letters