Differentiable architecture search (DARTS) has been a promising one-shot architecture search approach for its mathematical formulation and competitive results. However, besides its caused high memory utilization and a large computation requirement, many research works have shown that DARTS also often suffers notable over-fitting and thus does not work robustly for some new tasks. In this paper, we propose a one-shot neural architecture search method referred to as MergeNAS by merging different types of operations e.g. convolutions into one operation. This merge-based approach not only reduces the search cost (about half a GPU day), but also alleviates over-fitting by reducing the redundant parameters. Extensive experiments on different search space and various datasets have been conducted to verify our approach, showing that MergeNAS can converge to a stable architecture and achieve better performance with fewer parameters and search cost. For test accuracy and its stability, MergeNAS outperforms all NAS baseline methods implemented on NASBench-201, including DARTS, ENAS, RS, BOHB, GDAS and hand-crafted ResNet.