Magnetic properties of YBaCuO and BiSrCaCuO crystals: a comparative study of flux creep and irreversibility

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We report strong, anisotropic magnetic relaxation for the zero-field-cooled magnetization of a BiSrCaCuO crystal measured with field H = 1 kOe parallel and perpendicular to the c axis. The relaxation rate increases with temperature, peaks at {reversed tilde equals}15 K and drops to zero at {reversed tilde equals}30 K, well below the transition temperature Tc {reversed tilde equals} 84 K. We interpret the low temperature data with a thermally activated flux creep model and derive a pinning energy U0| {reversed tilde equals} 8 × 10-3 eV. These results show that for Bi-oxides the magnetization is already reversible at moderate temperatures. Similar conclusions are derived from a.c. susceptibility measurements which show an unusually strong frequency dependence of the irreversible temperature Tirr for Bi-oxides. These results are compared with those obtained for YBaCuO crystals in which the pinning forces are an order of magnitude larger, the reversible regime is limited to higher temperatures and the frequency dependence of Tirr is weaker. © 1989.