Journal of Applied Physics

Incorporation of la in epitaxial SrTiO3 thin films grown by atomic layer deposition on SrTiO3-buffered Si (001) substrates

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Strontium titanate, SrTiO3 (STO), thin films incorporated with lanthanum are grown on Si (001) substrates at a thickness range of 5-25nm. Atomic layer deposition (ALD) is used to grow the LaxSr 1-xTiO3 (La:STO) films after buffering the Si (001) substrate with four-unit-cells of STO deposited by molecular beam epitaxy. The crystalline structure and orientation of the La:STO films are confirmed via reflection high-energy electron diffraction, X-ray diffraction, and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy. The low temperature ALD growth (∼225°C) and post-deposition annealing at 550°C for 5min maintains an abrupt interface between Si (001) and the crystalline oxide. Higher annealing temperatures (650°C) show more complete La activation with film resistivities of ∼2.0×10-2 Ω cm for 20-nm-thick La:STO (x∼0.15); however, the STO-Si interface is slightly degraded due to the increased annealing temperature. To demonstrate the selective incorporation of lanthanum by ALD, a layered heterostructure is grown with an undoped STO layer sandwiched between two conductive La:STO layers. Based on this work, an epitaxial oxide stack centered on La:STO and BaTiO3 integrated with Si is envisioned as a material candidate for a ferroelectric field-effect transistor. © 2014 AIP Publishing LLC.