SPIE Optics, Imaging, and Instrumentation 1993
Conference paper

From efish to electro-optic measurements of nonlinear chromophores

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Experimental measurements of molecular hyperpolarizabilities can be useful in two ways. First, they allow comparison between different chromophores, so that structure-function relationships can be understood and increasingly nonlinear compounds synthesized. This application requires only good relative measurements. The second and ultimately more important application is prediction of the macroscopic nonlinear optical properties of custom materials. The latter application requires accurate absolute values for the molecular parameters. Examples of both types of comparisons are discussed below. We describe experimental measurements on several types of nonlinear optical chromophores, and the choice of conventions and reference standards that leads to accurate predictions of electro-optic coefficients in poled polymers. The degree to which nonlinearity and thermal stability are correlated is also discussed.