Journal of Applied Mechanics, Transactions ASME

Experimental and numerical studies on microscale bending of stainless steel with pulsed laser

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Laser forming or laser bending is a newly developed, flexible technique which modifies the curvature of sheet metal by thermal residual stresses instead of external Jbrces. The process is influenced by many parameters such as laser parameters, material properties, and target dimensions. In this work, a pulsed Nd: YLF laser was used as the energy source. The laser beam was focused into a line shape irradiating on the stainless steel specimen to induce bending. The bending angle was measured at various processing conditions. A finite element analysis was performed with the use of a two-dimensional plane strain model to calculate the thermoelastoplastic deformation process. Experimental measurements and computational results were in good agreement. Numerical sensitivity studies were performed to evaluate the effects of the unavailable material property data at high temperature. It was found that both optical reflectivity and thermal expansion coefficient influenced the bending angle significantly, while other extrapolated material properties at high temperature yielded acceptable results. © 1999 ASME.