Nature Communications

Enhancing electric-field control of ferromagnetism through nanoscale engineering of high-Tc MnxGe1-x nanomesh

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Voltage control of magnetism in ferromagnetic semiconductor has emerged as an appealing solution to significantly reduce the power dissipation and variability beyond current CMOS technology. However, it has been proven to be very challenging to achieve a candidate with high Curie temperature (T c), controllable ferromagnetism and easy integration with current Si technology. Here we report the effective electric-field control of both ferromagnetism and magnetoresistance in unique Mn x Ge 1'x nanomeshes fabricated by nanosphere lithography, in which a T c above 400 K is demonstrated as a result of size/quantum confinement. Furthermore, by adjusting Mn doping concentration, extremely giant magnetoresistance is realized from 1/48,000% at 30 K to 75% at 300 K at 4 T, which arises from a geometrically enhanced magnetoresistance effect of the unique mesh structure. Our results may provide a paradigm for fundamentally understanding the high T c in ferromagnetic semiconductor nanostructure and realizing electric-field control of magnetoresistance for future spintronic applications.


20 Oct 2016


Nature Communications