Publication
Physical Review B
Paper

Determination of the Fermi-level pinning position at Si(111) surfaces

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Abstract

The position of the Fermi level EF relative to the valence-band maximum EV has been determined from accurate measurements of the Si 2p core-level position relative to EF. As a reference, we use p-doped samples with a Ga overlayer and n-doped samples with a Cs + O overlayer where EF is pinned near the valence-band maximum and conduction-band minimum, respectively. We obtain EF-EV=0.40 0.03 eV for low-step-density cleaved Si(111)-(2×1) and EF-EV=0.63 0.05 eV for annealed Si(111)-(7×7). Stepped cleavage surfaces are characterized by EF-EV=0.46 eV and exhibit larger surface core-level shifts and a shift of the dangling-bond states towards lower binding energy. © 1983 The American Physical Society.

Date

15 Dec 1983

Publication

Physical Review B

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