APS March Meeting 2021

Design and Characterization of a Functional Merged Element Transmon

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A merged element transmon (MET) is a superconducting qubit with a Josephson junction that has been engineered to act as its own parallel shunt capacitor [1]. Because it eliminates the need for a separate capacitor, it allows for a significantly more compact qubit. Furthermore, because it concentrates the electromagnetic energy inside the junction, it reduces relative electric field participation from other interfaces. By combining micrometer-scale Al/Al2O3/Al junctions with long oxidations and novel processing, we have produced functional devices with EJ/EC in the low transmon regime (EJ/EC <~30). Cryogenic I-V measurements show sharp dI/dV structure with low sub-gap conduction. Qubit spectroscopy of tunable versions show a small number of avoided level crossings, suggesting the presence of two-level systems (TLS). We have observed T1 times typically in the range of 30-50 μs, with some devices exhibiting T1>100 μs over several hours. [1] R. Zhao et al,