Data-Driven Sequential Uptake Pattern Discovery for Family Planning Studies
Family planning is a crucial component of sustainable global development and is essential for achieving universal health coverage. Specifically, contraceptive use improves the health of women and children in several ways, including reducing maternal mortality risks, increasing child survival rates through birth spacing, and improving the nutritional status of both mother and children. This paper presents a data-driven approach to study the dynamics of contraceptive use and discontinuation in Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries. We aim to provide policymakers with discriminating contraceptive use patterns under different discontinuation reasons, contraceptive uptake distributions, and transition information across contraceptive types. We used Demographic Health Survey (DHS) Calendar data from five SSA countries. One recurrent pattern found was that continuous usage of injectables resulted in discontinuation due to health concerns in four out of five countries studied. This type of temporal analysis can aid intervention development to support sustainable development goals in Family Planning.