Cooperative regulation and trading of emissions using plug-in hybrid vehicles

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We present a new approach to regulate traffic-related pollution in urban environments by utilizing hybrid vehicles. To do this, we orchestrate the way that each vehicle in a large fleet combines its two engines based on simple communication signals from a central infrastructure. Our approach can be viewed both as a control algorithm and as an optimization algorithm. The primary goal is to regulate emissions, and we discuss a number of control strategies to achieve this goal. Second, we want to allocate the available pollution budget in a fair way among the participating vehicles; again, we explore several different notions of fairness that can be achieved. The efficacy of our approach is exemplified both by the construction of a proof-of-concept vehicle and by extensive simulations, and is verified by mathematical analysis. © 2000-2011 IEEE.