# Buffer overflow calculations using an infinite-capacity model

## Abstract

Sufficient conditions are established for approximation of the overflow probability in a stochastic service system with capacity C by the probability that the related infinite-capacity system has C customers. These conditions are that (a) the infinite-capacity system has negligible probability of C or more customers; (b) the probabilities of states with exactly C customers for the infinite-capacity system are nearly proportional to the same probabilities for the finite- capacity system. Condition (b) is controlling if the probabilities for the infinite-capacity system are rescaled so that the probability of at most C customers is unity. For systems with precisely one state with C customers, such as birth-and-death processes, the latter approximation is exact even when condition (a) does not hold. © 1978.