BASS: Improving I/O performance for cloud block storage via byte-addressable storage stack
In an Infrastructure-as-a-Service cloud, cloud block storage offers conventional, block-level storage resources via a storage area network. However, compared to local storage, this multilayered cloud storage model imposes considerable I/O overheads due to much longer I/O path in the virtualized cloud. In this paper, we propose a novel byte-addressable storage stack, BASS, to bridge the addressability gap between the storage and network stacks in cloud, and in return boost I/O performance for cloud block storage. Equipped with byte-addressability, BASS not only avails the benefits of using variable-length I/O requests that avoid unnecessary data transfer, but also enables a highly efficient non-blocking approach that eliminates the blocking of write processes. We have developed a generic prototype of BASS based on Linux storage stack, which is applicable to traditional VMs, lightweight containers and physical machines. Our extensive evaluation with micro-benchmarks, I/O traces and realworld applications demonstrates the effectiveness of BASS, with significantly improved I/O performance and reduced storage network usage.