ECS Solid State Letters

Aggressive SiGe channel gate stack scaling by remote Oxygen scavenging: Gate-first pFET performance and reliability

View publication


We demonstrate that aggressive gate dielectric scaling in hafnium-based high-k/metal gate p-channel metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistors (pMOSFETs) with biaxially strained silicon germanium channels can be achieved in gate-first integration via remote interfacial SiO2 scavenging by metal-doped titanium nitride gates.An inversion thickness of 0.86 nm is reached, corresponding to an equivalent oxide thickness (EOT) of 0.45-0.5 nm. Interlayer-scaling-induced threshold voltage increase and holemobility reduction are studied in detail.We further establish an exponential interlayer thickness dependence of negative bias temperature instability (NBTI). Previously shown to be effective for nFETs, remote oxygen scavenging is an attractive scaling option for dual-channel CMOS. © 2012 The Electrochemical Society.