ECS Transactions
Conference paper

300mm cold-wall UHV/CVD reactor for low-temperature epitaxial (100) silicon

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A 300mm cold-wall UHVZCVD reactor was used to grow epitaxial silicon layers on (100) SOI wafers at 500 to 800 °C using disilane, silane, and mixtures thereof. Spectroscopic ellipsometry was utilized to measure the deposition rates and wafer uniformities after growth, and high-resolution atomic force microscopy was employed to extract surface roughness and assess step flow growth. In the massflow controlled deposition region, both disilane and silane resulted in a linear dependence of growth rate on gas flow where disilane dominated over silane. In the reaction-limited regime, both precursors exhibited a perfect rate limitation with activation energies of ≈ 2 eV. Unlike in RPCVD, the deposition rate of disilane was found to approach twice that of silane at lowest temperatures. Step-flow growth was maintained even after 1μm of silicon was deposited under high-rate conditions. Additionally, continuous epitaxial films with thickness as low as 4 Å were also obtained. ©The Electrochemical Society.