Polymer Engineering & Science

The coupled relaxation model for toner melt rheology

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Process changes aimed at improving printer engine performance must take into consideration not only the process variables (such as nip temperature and pressure and process time to), but also the melt rheological variables (such as the characteristic time scale of the toner Tc). The melt rheology relevant to the electrophotographic toner fusing process is discussed. One criterion for toner quality can be conveniently measured through the Deborah number De, which is the ratio of Tc to to. Modification of the melt rheology by matrix polymer composition and carbon black size and concentration has previously been explored. Here, the melt rheology of toners with a range of gel content was studied using a step shear test. The coupled relaxation model was employed to fit the stress relaxation data. The viscoelastic properties were calculated from the melt data with this model. These properties were then used to estimate the strain deformation of the toner as it passes through the nip with arbitrary residence time and nip pressure as a function of gel content. This method can be used to match the toner melt properties with the processing conditions. Copyright © 1991 Society of Plastics Engineers


26 Aug 2004


Polymer Engineering & Science