Microlithography 2000
Conference paper

Real-time analysis of volatiles formed during processing of a chemically amplified resist


The analysis of vapors desorbing from resist fills during processing provides important information on impurity content, loss of resist components, and available decomposition pathways that complements data obtained by film composition studies. We have constructed an instrument for in-situ sampling and identification of volatiles from both bulk polymers and cast films by tandem mass spectrometry. We have used this instrument to identify volatile produces from thermal and acid catalyzed deprotection of p-(t-butyloxycarbonyloxy)styrene (PTBOCST) to form p-hydroxystyrene (PHOST). The results show that the two reaction pathways have markedly different chemistry, and that the generally accepted deprotection mechanism oversimplifies what is actually happening in the film.