Physical Review Letters

Purification of noisy entanglement and faithful teleportation via noisy channels

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Two separated observers, by applying local operations to a supply of not-too-impure entangled states (e.g., singlets shared through a noisy channel), can prepare a smaller number of entangled pairs of arbitrarily high purity (e.g., near-perfect singlets). These can then be used to faithfully teleport unknown quantum states from one observer to the other, thereby achieving faithful transmission of quantum information through a noisy channel. We give upper and lower bounds on the yield D(M) of pure singlets [Formula presented] distillable from mixed states [Formula presented]. © 1996 The American Physical Society.