Physical Review Applied

Plasmonic Gas Sensing with Graphene Nanoribbons

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The main challenge to exploiting plasmons for gas vibrational mode sensing is the extremely weak infrared absorption of gas species. In this work, we explore the possibility of trapping free-gas molecules via surface adsorption, optical, or electrostatic fields to enhance gas-plasmon interactions and to increase plasmon-sensing ability. We discuss the relative strengths of these trapping forces and find gas adsorption in a typical nanoribbon array plasmonic setup produces measurable dips in optical extinction of magnitude 0.1% for a gas concentration of about the parts per thousand level.