Publication
ACL 2022
Conference paper

On The Ingredients of an Effective Zero-shot Semantic Parser

Abstract

Semantic parsers map natural language utterances into meaning representations (e.g. programs). Such models are typically bottlenecked by the paucity of training data due to the required laborious annotation efforts. Recent studies have performed zero-shot learning by synthesizing training examples of canonical utterances and programs from a grammar, and further paraphrasing these utterances to improve linguistic diversity. However, such synthetic examples cannot fully capture patterns in real data. In this paper we analyze zero-shot parsers through the lenses of the language and logical gaps (Herzig and Berant, 2019), which quantify the discrepancy of language and programmatic patterns between the synthetic canonical examples and real-world user-issued ones. We propose bridging these gaps using improved grammars, stronger paraphrasers, and efficient learning methods using canonical examples that most likely reflect real user intents. Our model achieves strong performance on two semantic parsing benchmarks (SCHOLAR, GEO) with zero labeled data.

Date

22 May 2022

Publication

ACL 2022

Authors

Topics

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