IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence

On-line fingerprint verification

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Fingerprint verification is one of the most reliable personal identification methods. However manual fingerprint verification is so tedious time-consuming and expensive that it is incapable of meeting today's increasing performance requirements. An automatic fingerprint identification system (APIS) is widely needed. It plays a very important role in forensic and civilian applications such as criminal identification access control and ATM card verification. This paper describes the design and implementation of an on-line fingerprint verification system which operates in two stages: minutia extraction and minutia matching. An improved version of the minutia extraction algorithm proposed by Ratha et al. which is much faster and more reliable is implemented for extracting features from an input fingerprint image captured with an on-line inkless scanner. For minutia matching an alignment-based elastic matching algorithm has been developed. This algorithm is capable of finding the correspondences between minutiae in the input image and the stored template without resorting to exhaustive search and has the ability of adaptively compensating for the nonlinear deformations and inexact pose transformations between fingerprints. The system has been tested on two sets of fingerprint images captured with inkless scanners. The verification accuracy is found to be acceptable. Typically a complete fingerprint verification procedure takes on an average about eight seconds on a SPARC 20 workstation. These experimental results show that our system meets the response time requirements of on-line verification with high accuracy. © 1997 IEEE.