ICCAD 2011
Conference paper

Myth busters: Microprocessor clocking is from Mars, ASICs clocking is from Venus

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This paper compares and contrasts two common clock distribution styles: clock grids, the preferred microprocessor distribution style, and clock trees, the preferred ASICs distribution style. After a high level description of the routing methodologies for clock grids and clock trees, a case study is presented to compare the performance and cost trade-off of grids and trees. Our results show that clock grids consume more power and wiring resources but only to achieve aggressive clock targets. In this example a clock tree style uses 28% less wiring than a full clock grid style but suffers 12 ps more skew. However, compared to a sparse grid style, a clock tree solution uses only 4% less wiring and suffers 9.6 ps higher skew. The key message is that the cost in extra wiring and power consumption across different clock distribution styles is mainly driven by performance targets as opposed to being fundamentally dictated by the grid vs. tree decision. © 2011 IEEE.


01 Dec 2011


ICCAD 2011