Publication
Journal of Applied Physics
Paper

Magnetic film with helical anisotropy

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Abstract

A helical anisotropy film is characterized by the induced anisotropy of the form K sin2[π(z)-2πz/d], where K is the anisotropy constant, θ is the magnetization orientation, z is the coordinate along the direction of film thickness, and d is the film thickness. It has been predicted by solving Euler's equation that for film thickness greater than the critical value 2π(A/K)1/2 (A=exchange constant), stable states may occur in which the magnetization orientation θ follows approximately the helical variation of the easy axis. The magnetic characteristics of a helical film can be clearly demonstrated by the M-H loops of the top or bottom layers, as obtainable with a Kerr magneto-optic apparatus. The transitions from a saturated state to a helical state and from one helical state to another result in multiple-threshold M-H loops. Nonmagnetostrictive Permalloy films have been electroplated onto a slowly rotating substrate in the presence of a dc orienting field. Samples of 3 μ or more thickness show the helical anisotropy characteristics while a sample of less than 0.5-μ thickness behaves as a uniaxial film. Furthermore, control samples of each thickness have also been electroplated on a stationary substrate. They only show the usual uniaxial anisotropy property. © 1966 The American Institute of Physics.

Date

17 Jun 2004

Publication

Journal of Applied Physics

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